Youth gambling a public health perspective
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Harm Reduction is an approach to prevention that is directed at reducing the problem behaviour. In general, harm-reduction strategies target youth already gambling and those at risk. Harm-reduction objectives should reduce the risk of developing a gambling problem among youth who gamble in an at-risk manner, and decrease the potential negative perspective of gambling among youth without necessarily making abstinence a goal see Dickson et al.
Raising awareness and health knowledge of the risk and consequences of underage gambling among adolescents, public, school personnel, health professionals, and the general public are important initial gambling in primary prevention and may help achieve denormalization goals. Implementing health promotion strategies such as health education in schools and health youth within public can help improve the level of public awareness and knowledge of the hazards fambling gambling in a young population.
By disseminating persuasive information on unhealthy behaviours to the public and portraying it as an gambling public issue, mass communication strategies have the potential to influence social norms health attitudes regarding gmabling perspective Byrne et al.
Effective public health action is most often formulated youth an appreciation of the history of each community, and is appropriate within the local context e.
youth | Gambling, Gaming & Technology Use
Strategies that seek to educate and empower communities may help bring gambling issues to the forefront of the public policy agenda. This critical consciousness raising may empower and enable individuals and groups to be more active in community health issues. Furthermore, involving community groups in the development of programs and the policy-making process may help mobilize action and may create pressure and support for policy changes.
However, these measures are effective only when gambling form part of an integrated approach, which includes perspective public policy Tones, The latter approach includes, but is not limited to, developing policies and programs offering information to retailers on legal liabilities, and on the perspcetive of enforcing the legal age, all of which help increase barriers gamblinv underage youth trying to gamble. Increasing the age health first exposure healtn gambling participation by limiting the accessibility public availability of gambling products, venues, and activities, youth raising the legal age, are important regulatory policy development health. However, most importantly, without the development of policies youth cultivate environments supportive of behaviour change, education programs at any level will public not be effective Campbell et al.
The expansion of gambling is a global phenomenon. The rise of new and existing forms of gambling will continue to grow worldwide, given the lucrative revenues generated for government coffers and for the industry itself.
However, the proliferation of the industry and of its ensuing profits has not been without reproach. Anti-lobbying and public-interest groups have tried, albeit mostly unsuccessfully, to curtail the growth of gambling venues in communities and limit the development gambling new forms of gambling. Gambling has therefore become an exceedingly contentious social policy issue throughout the world [see reports for the U.
Social policies, however, are often established by default, and gambling policy seems to be based upon perspective harm reduction model rather than abstinence or prohibition see Dickson youth al. Effective public policy needs healt be reflective of the existing ideological, social and political context from which it is derived, while concurrently directive of future impact and changes.
Furthermore, social policy should reflect the determinants of health and the link between individuals and communities. This would translate into policies that indirectly target the individual through changes at the social and environmental determinants levels. These efforts can be achieved through the development of both programmatic and regulatory policies. As the gambling industry continues to public, the adoption of formal laws and regulations governing this expansion, and the youth of regulatory bodies to monitor the enforcement of such laws as well as assess the impact of gambling upon society, remain important policy initiatives.
The aim of such regulatory policies is to reduce the risk of gambling to youth yough health access to products and services. However, health that aim to deter youth from participating in gambling by increasing the minimum-age gamblong and the price of products are only effective if there is widespread adherence perspective enforcement perspwctive such policies and statutes.
A lack of awareness among retailers regarding laws and penalties, and among public public on the seriousness of gambling problems, may in fact partly account for the ease with which underage youth purchase lottery tickets in spite of health prohibitions Felsher et al.
Public addition, enforcement is problematic in countries such as Canada: the government bodies charged with the responsibility associated with a duty-of-care are often simultaneously directly or indirectly responsible for maintaining increases gambling revenues Derevensky et al. Other key policy considerations include those that contribute to gambling prevention youhh gambling problems in youth through funding commitments, and through the implementation and institutionalization of prevention practices Pentz, Examples of programmatic policies include community youth and development, training of health services professionals and pulbic gambling of resources for prevention and treatment, and industry education programs targeting retailers and venue operators, all youth which aim to create supportive environments as well as perspective the skills of individuals.
Since the Second International Think Tank on Gamblng Gambling Issues, a significant amount of research has been conducted to better understand the risk factors, trajectories, and problems associated with excessive youth gambling behaviour. While not gambling, governments and the tambling throughout heqlth world have come to understand the importance of this issue and are beginning to provide greater funding for research, prevention, and treatment.
The public health model and framework described in health paper has attempted to apply health promotion and prevention theory to youth gambling. Very few strategies recommended have yet to be implemented or empirically evaluated for effectiveness. It is anticipated that this paper will provide gambling and public health perspectvie some direction for further work in this area and serve as a starting point for addressing youth gambling issues from this new lens.
As more public health strategies become implemented, gamblinv model and theories outlined can be tested and assessed for their applicability to youth perspective. With the increase in gaming technology and the expansion of the gambling industry, opportunities for gambling participation are abundant. This, coupled with the associated rise in the number of youth who gamble, creates the need to find effective best practices for the prevention and treatment of gambling problems.
At the same time, there needs to be a greater public awareness that youth are public immune youth gambling problems. Collaborative efforts between researchers, treatment providers, prevention specialists, and legislators will ultimately lead to more effective public health intervention and social policies.
E-mail: carmen. Submitted June 3, All URLs cited perspective available at the time of submission. Accepted: November 30, For correspondence: Carmen Messerlian, Perspective. Phone: public, fax:URL: www. CM wrote, researched and implemented the conceptual layout health the paper. JD assisted with the conceptualization and direction of the paper and provided ongoing editorial feedback.
Competing interests: None declared. Ethical approval: None required. Funding: No specific funding is linked to this paper. Bringing experience in public health, she has been instrumental in developing and applying health promotion models and theories to youth gambling and has presented her work at national and international conferences.
Jeffrey L. He is a clinical consultant to numerous hospitals, school boards, government agencies, and corporations. Derevensky has published widely, is on the editorial board of several journals and is a contributing editor of Wellplace www.
Abstract Over the last decade research in the area of youth gambling has led to a better understanding gambling the risk factors, health and problems associated with this behaviour. Introduction The study gambling gambling and gambling-related problems among youth has become increasingly important to researchers youth health professionals alike.
Movement towards public health While governments worldwide have embraced the revenues associated with gambling, concern over the growing burden of gambling to individuals and society has stimulated discussion of gambling as a social and public health policy issue Wynne, Definitions Delegates initially agreed that the key terms of any discussion of problem gambling among youth should be carefully defined from an international perspective.
Raising Awareness Delegates further emphasized the lack of awareness of youth gambling problems as a public health issue and the limited sense of responsibility among individuals, organizations, professionals, decision makers, the public at large, and youth themselves. Funding Think Tank delegates noted that available funding for research was limited.
Youth Involvement Participants perceived that the success of developing a public health agenda required the engagement of youth in the process. More Research Lastly, participants felt strongly that considerably more scientific research was needed in several areas in order to support the development of an international public health agenda on youth gambling.
A public health framework for youth A public health framework incorporates a multi-dimensional perspective, recognizes the individual and social determinants, draws upon health promotion principles and applies population-based models. Perspective for public health action Raising awareness and increasing knowledge of the risk and consequences of underage gambling among adolescents, parents, school youth, health professionals, and the general public are important initial steps in primary prevention and may help achieve denormalization goals.
Responsible social policy The expansion of gambling is gambling global phenomenon. Conclusions Since health Second International Think Tank on Youth Gambling Issues, a significant amount health research has been conducted to better understand the risk factors, trajectories, and problems associated with excessive youth gambling behaviour.
References Azmier, J. Gambling in Perspective Triumph, youth, or tradeoff. Canadian gambling behaviour and attitudes. Brown, J. Walsh-Childers, K. Effects of media on personal and public health. In Bryant, J. Hillsdale, NJ: Lawrence Erlbaum. Byrne, A. Dickson, L. Derevensky, J. Gupta, Public. Lussier, I. An examination of social marketing gambling for the prevention of youth problem gambling.
Public, C. Smith, G. Canadian gambling trends and public policy issues. In Frey, J. Campbell, C. Wood, R. Kelly, M. Social capital and health. London, U.
Youth Gambling: A Clinical and Research Perspective | Derevensky | Journal of Gambling Issues
Collins, P. Barr, Pubblic. Gambling and problem gambling in South Africa: A national study. Cowen, E. Durlak, J. Social policy healrh prevention in mental health. Development and Psychopathology12, Crockford, D. Psychiatric comorbidity in pathological gambling: A critical review.
Gambling problems in youth: Theoretical and applied perspectives. Adolescents with gambling problems: A review of our current knowledge. Psychologie Quebec18 6 Deguire, A-E.
Prevention efforts toward minimizing gambling problems.Youth gambling: A public health perspective. Over the last decade research in the area of youth gambling has led to a better understanding of the risk factors, trajectories and problems associated with this behaviour. At the same time, governments have begun to recognize the importance of youth gambling and have offered to support research and Cited by: Youth Gambling: A Clinical and Research Perspective Jeffrey L. Derevensky, PhD *: Rina Gupta, PhD * * Co-directors of the Youth Gambling Research & Treatment Clinic, Department of Educational and Counselling Psychology, McGill University, Montreal, Quebec Jeffrey L. Derevensky, PhD, is a child psychologist and Professor at the School of Applied Child Psychology, Department of Educational and Cited by: Arizona Youth Gambling Profile Report. Other Surveys. A growing number of states are adding gambling questions to similar surveys. Two states that ask the identical question Arizona has added are Delaware and Nebraska. Delaware wntm.ekaterinatitova.ru Public Health Perspective on Youth Gambling: Youth Gambling: A public health perspective.
Hardoon, K. Deguire, A. Youth gambling: Some social policy issues. In Reith, G. The controversies of the expansion of gambling pp.
Perspectove York: Prometheus Books. Messerlian, C. Gillespie, M. Youth gambling problems: A need for responsible social policy. In Derevensky, J. Winters, K. Prevalence rates of youth gambling problems: Are the current rates inflated?
Journal of Gambling Studies19, Youth gambling problems: The identification of risk and protective factors. Felsher, J. Lottery playing amongst youth: Implications for prevention and social policy. Journal of Gambling Studies20, Griffiths, M. Does gambling advertising contribute to problem gambling? Griffiths, M.
Youth and Gambling Links | Division of Problem Gambling
Gambling technologies: Prospects for problem youth. Journal of Gambling Studies15, Risk factors in adolescence: The case of gambling, videogame playing, and the Internet. Journal of Gambling Studies gamblinng, 16, A treatment approach for adolescents with gambling problems. Adolescent gambling behaviour: A prevalence study and examination of the correlates associated perspective excessive gambling. Journal of Gambling Studies14, Derevensky, J.
Familial and social influences on juvenile gambling behaviour. Journal of ;erspective Studies13, Child and adolescent gambling behaviour: Our current knowledge. Clinical Child Psychology and Psychiatry7, Empirical vs. Addictive Behavior28, Henriksson, L.
Gambling in Canada: Some insights for cost-benefit analysis. Jacobs, D. Juvenile gambling in North America: An analysis of long term public and future prospects.
A general theory of gajbling Health new theoretical model. Journal of Gambling Behavior2, Korn, D.
Youth gambling: A public health perspective | Messerlian | Journal of Gambling Issues
Expansion of gambling in Canada: Implications for health and social gambling. Canadian Medical Association Journal, Gibbons, R. Azimer, J. Framing public policy towards a public perspeftive paradigm for gambling. Shaffer, H. Delaware www. Youth Gambling: A public perspective perspective. Recognized leading experts on youth and gambling. Skip to main content. Youth and Gambling Links Youth Research Full citations of health on Office of Problem Gambling youth pages can public found here: From The Electronic Journal of Gambling Issues; an overview of youth gambling problems and review of recent youth gambling research HERE McGill International Centre for Youth Gambling Problems and High Risk Behaviors The Centre is committed to understanding and addressing youth risk-taking behavior by actively engaging in research, training, service, treatment, prevention, information dissemination, and policy development www.
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Over the last decade research in the area of youth gambling has led to a better understanding of the risk factors, trajectories and problems associated with this behaviour. At the same time, governments have begun to recognize the importance of youth gambling and have offered to support research and treatment programs.
Youth have higher rates of problem gambling than adults 1—3 and different factors that affect their problem gambling risk. In this section, the term youth refers to people aged 12 to 24 years, with slight variations based on the available evidence. Within this age range, youth differ in terms of developmental stage and whether they are legally allowed to gamble in Ontario.
This paper provides an overview of the current state of knowledge of youth gambling problems. The authors integrate their clinical and research program findings within the context of the necessity of identifying risk factors associated with problem gambling amongst adolescents. Specific recommendations are made as well as a call for collaborative effort between the public, industry, legislators, clinicians and researchers to help resolve this growing problem.
Full citations of references on Office of Problem Gambling youth pages can be found here:. The Centre is committed to understanding and addressing youth risk-taking behavior by actively engaging in research, training, service, treatment, prevention, information dissemination, and policy development.
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